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Exome and genome sequencing in reproductive medicine

Exome and genome sequencing in reproductive medicine
The advent of next-generation sequencing has enabled clinicians to assess many genes simultaneously and at high resolution. This is advantageous for diagnosing patients in whom a genetic disorder is suspected but who have a nonspecific or atypical phenotype or when the disorder has significant genetic heterogeneity. Herein, we describe common clinical applications of next-generation sequencing technology, as well as their respective benefits and limitations. We then discuss key considerations of variant interpretation and reporting, clinical utility, pre- and posttest genetic counseling, and ethical challenges.

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